Buying a home is the single most valuable investment most families make, and home ownership offers tax breaks that make it the foundation for your overall tax planning. While the majority of home buyers are no longer first-time buyers, the tax law provides numerous incentives to home ownership for everyone.
- Buying, rather than renting, replaces nondeductible rent with deductible mortgage interest.
- Taxpayers can deduct an unlimited amount of property tax they pay on any number of residences.
- Homeowners can exclude up to $250,000 of gain ($500,000 for married couples filing jointly and certain surviving spouses) from taxable income when they sell.
- There is no penalty for an early withdrawal from an IRA for a “first-time” homebuyer for up to $10,000 so long as the proceeds are used for acquisition of a home.
- Self-employed individuals may deduct expenses for a portion of the home used for business. A simplified optional method for claiming a home office deduction is now available.
Unless retroactively extended by Congress, the following home-friendly provisions are not available in 2017:
- The exclusion from gross income for discharges of qualified principal residence indebtedness,
- The mortgage premium insurance deduction, and
- Energy credits for environmentally friendly and ecologically responsible home-related expenditures.
You may benefit from a close review of these provisions, particularly if you are considering transactions involving your home, including selling, refinancing, or renting. Many home ownership tax benefits also apply to a second home. The best way to know for certain whether or not you qualify, is to contact your tax professional and review your individual situation.